Los EEUU e Hispanoamerica: Por que no somos amigos?


Los Estados Unidos e hispanoamerica tienen una larga historia. Al principio los hispanos tenían una opinion muy alta de Los Estados Unidos. Sin embargo, después de muchos anos de violencia y maltrato los hispanos se formaron una opinion negativa de Los Estados Unidos. Algunos factores que contribuyeron a este opinion son, La Doctrina, las metas de Presidente Roosevelt, y la política exterior de Los Estados Unidos.

En el siglo XIX muchos países hispanos lucharon por su propia independencia de la colonización Europea. Al mismo tiempo, el Presidente Monroe se dio cuenta de que Los EEUU tiene una relación muy especial de hispanoamerica. Pues, el quería asegurar esa relación. En 1823 Monroe pronuncio des pensamientos en un documento se llama “la Doctrina Monroe.” Se establecía una política de no intervención de los gobiernos de los países Europeos en los países Americanos. En realidad aseguro sus propios intereses de intervencionismo. También el Presidente Roosevelt trataba de controlar toda de la region Caribe con motivos de dinero y poder. Yo pienso que este periodo de imperialismo forma un opinion mala de Los Estados Unidos. En realidad, Los Estados Unidos no fueron diferente de otros países Europeos. El poeta uruguayo Eduardo Galeano dijo en su obra famosa “Memoria del Fuego” que, “un informe recién publicado revela que todos los países de esta sub- America tienen tratados comercia les con los EEUU” El terma “sub-America” implica America de Sur esta abajo de los Estados Unidos. Se refleja la opinion de Los Estados Unidos y también el maltrato de los hispanos.

Aunque ahora hispanoamerica tiene una opinion negativa de los Estados Unidos, hay pasos que pueden transformar esto. Por ejemplo, recientemente Los Estados Unidos se mejoran sus relaciones con Cuba. Los Estados Unidos debe reparar relaciones malas con otros países latinos e hispanos. Sin embargo, sera divicil para Los Estados Unidos arreglarse sus relaciones. A pesar de esto, es posible para transformar una opinion negativa a una positiva.


Third Blog Post


Crowdsourcing is the process of getting work or funding from a crowd of people. It usually refers to projects done on the internet. For example wikipedia uses crowdsourcing, because anyone can edit the pages on the website. Some pros of crowdsourcing is that pretty much anyone can contribute to it. There are also many knowledgeable people and experts in their fields that are extremely valuable assets to crowdsourcing. Another pro of crowdsourcing is that is is financially effective, in that usually it doesn’t cost anything to crowdsource. Although there are many pros to crowdsourcing, there are some cons as well.  One possible con to crowdsourcing would be that the people who are contributing to crowdsourcing might not always be knowledgable and viable sources. For example, a lot of wikipedia articles can be somewhat biased because of their contributors which makes them an unreliable source for information. Another con of crowdsourcing would be that that the contributions might not add any quality to the work, rather detracting from it.

Mapping Texts is, “an ambitious project with a simple mission: to experiment with new methods for finding and analyzing meaningful patterns embedded within massive collections of digitized historical newspapers.” Their goal is to be able to allow scholars to navigate digital history better. They have attempted to combine data and text mining in order to make their vision possible. They worked with a collection of about 332,000 different newspapers in order to create this archive. There are two different interactive interfaces including “Mapping Newspaper Quality”  which maps a quantitative survey of newspapers plotting both the volume and quality of information that is made available in the digitized collection. The collection includes regional maps, graphs, and timelines which allows the user to explore data from any time period. The other interactive interface is “Mapping Language Patterns” which maps a qualitative survey of the newspapers  “For any  time period, geography, or newspaper title, users can explore the most common words , named entities , and highly correlated words , which together provide a window into the major language patterns emanating from the newspapers.” I believe that the two interfaces are actually pretty easy to navigate, and offer a lot of information when it comes to researching. They provide insight into very specific information, as well as offering a broad picture to any given time period.

I personally think that crowdsourcing is a very valuable tool when attempting to gain a lot of information for a specific source. I think that outsourcing to the general population for information is a very useful tool. There are some pros and cons, however i think that there are definitely more pros than there are cons when it comes to crowdsourcing. It gives the opportunity for experts in their fields and other knowledgable people to give their insight on a given topic.

Second Blog Post


The Harlem Riot of 1943 was a civil disturbance that caused major tension between the police force, and the black community. With most events that have two sides, there are two opinions of the event that occurred. With regard to the Harlem Riot of 1943, the two sides were from the police force, and the black community in Harlem. A lot of research is required on these events in order to reveal the true event that occurred. Two sources that represent different points of view on the Harlem Riot of 1943 are “On this Day in NYC’s History, A Riot Shook Harlem’s streets”, and “From Different Liberal Perspectives: Fiorello H. La Guardia, Adam Clayton Powell, Jr., and Civil Rights in New York City, 1941-1943” These two articles offer different perspectives on the event that took place.

In the article “On this Day in NYC’s History, A Riot Shook Harlem’s streets”, the author offers a general perspective on what occurred on that day. The general consensus was that a NYPD officer struck a black woman who was being arrested for disturbing the peace outside of the Braddock Hotel in Harlem. When this happened the situation intensified and the police officer drew his weapon and shot Robert Brandy, an African American soldier in the shoulder. After that, a full riot ensued in which the black community was destroying white property and businesses. The author used quite a few sources for this article including the original Village Voice from the day after the event occurred, and the article is also from CBS so its from a credible source.

The other source “Harlem Race Riot” (1943) highlights the racial tension in the black housing area that contributed to the escalation of the shooting of Robert Brandy, and the eventual outbreak of the riot. “Terrible living conditions and unequal employment opportunities continued to plague the population, making Harlem a hotbed of racial tension.” Unlike the previous article, this one gives more background information on why the event occurred, though it offers the same opinion as the first article.

This article offers a plethora of information including A New York times article from 1943, The Harlem Riot of 1943 by Dominic Capeci Jr, and several more New York Times articles. A citation from a New York Times article states, “Bad and costly housing, lack of recreational facilities, the failure to give equal economic opportunities- these things corrupt the weak and unstable Negro population, just as they do among other varieties of population.” Another quote form this newspaper has a quote from Mayor LaGuardia (mayor of NYC at the time) and his denial of racism as the start of the riot but he said, “if any part of the population suffers from grievances we must do what we can to address them.” What makes the source much more convincing than the other is because of the amount of sources that are compiled together from multiple outlets. It has both primary and secondary sources, as well of reviews of articles about the event.

In conclusion both articles are valid sources of information on the Harlem Riot of 1943. However, the second source “Harlem Race Riot”, had more useful information, because it had input from multiple sources. The other source, “On this Day in NYC’s history, A Riot Shook Harlem’s Streets” was very informative on the general event and what occurred however the other source was much more informative. The combination of these two sources together would be very useful research tools.

Primary Sources Harlem Riots of 1943


1. http://www.baruch.cuny.edu/nycdata/disasters/riots-harlem_1943.html
2. ephemeralnewyork.wordpress.com

Harlem Riots of 1943


The Harlem Riot of 1943 was a civil disturbance that occurred in Harlem, New York City on August 1st and 2nd 1943.  The riot ensued after a white police officer shot Robert Brandy who was an African American soldier. Brandy, was inquiring about a woman who had been arrested for disorderly conduct whom he believed should be released. According to a police report, Brandy apparently hit the officer, and the policeman shot him. A riot of 3,000 people ensued after Brandy was trying to enter the hospital for treatment, and it was misreported that Brandy was actually killed not wounded by the officer. A riot broke out that lasted two days, resulted in 600 arrests, vandalism, theft, and property damage. Peace was ultimately restored on August 2nd by Fiorello H. LaGuardia.

I chose photos as my main primary sources because I think they highlighted the overall hostility of the situation at hand. The riot ensued out of pure miscommunication between the public and the police, but clearly the rioters were very angry and upset at the thought of Robert Brandy’s death.

I believe that the photos are the most accurate depiction of the event because they don’t pose any bias unlike the newspaper article which only shows one side of the story. The photograph is free for interpretation from the reader, while also offering an insight into what occurred on that day.

One of the primary sources which I found particularly profound  was the black and white cartoon depicting the riots. Within one drawing it depicts the presence of all sides of the riot including the police, Robert Brandy, and the public.  Its also one of the few primary sources that shows the riot from more then one perspective.

I also chose to show the picture of the two men injured on the ground to highlight how violent the riot was that actually took place. These two innocent civilians were clearly involved in the riot, and it makes the viewer wonder about their perspectives on the event.

The most profound and powerful primary source that I came across was the photo of Robert Brandy being brought in on a stretcher into a local hospital. I chose to include this photo because this was the catalyst that sparked the brutal two day riot


My sources made  me raise a lot of questions about this particular riot. For instance, how did the riot last all of two days? Also, what were the social and cultural undertones that caused such a violent outbreak over this issue?

I encountered many primary sources related to this event, and I wonder if there were any famous paintings or photos that depicted this event. It seems to be a very profound riot in American history, highlighting the tension during World War 2 between the armed forces and African Americans because of segregation in the military.